The condition of tarsal tunnel syndrome that affects the foot has many similarities to the wrist condition called carpal tunnel syndrome. In both cases, nerve stress and damage from repetitive use can cause numbness, pain, tingling, and a burning sensation.
In the case of your feet, inflammation and constriction of the tissues around the posterior tibial nerve can cause these uncomfortable sensations to radiate to the bottom of the foot and to the inward facing side of the ankle.
The causes and risk factors of tarsal tunnel syndrome include:
- Injuries such as ankle sprains and strains that contribute to nerve compression
- Having flat feet causes the foot to roll outward, increasing nerve stress
- Systemic diseases like diabetes, arthritis, and peripheral artery disease are risk factors
- A physical obstruction such as a varicose vein, ganglion cyst, or swollen tendon that is pressing on the nerve can cause the condition
Initial treatments for tarsal tunnel syndrome include:
- Resting and icing to lower inflammation and promote the healing response
- Ibuprofen or other NSAIDs to relieve pain and swelling
- Immobilization of the foot and ankle with a rigid boot to allow the nerves and tissues to heal
- Physical therapy to increase strength and flexibility
- Ultrasound treatments
- Custom made orthotic inserts combined with supportive and properly-fitted shoes
- Foot and ankle braces may be required to redistribute pressure
In severe cases that don’t respond to conservative methods, surgery may be needed to relieve pain and pressure.
Untreated, tarsal tunnel syndrome can evolve to cause permanent damage, so be sure to consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Keeping your feet healthy and in optimal shape can be difficult, but wearing the right shoes that are properly sized and fitted is the most important factor in avoiding injury, pain, and discomfort. Always choose a shoe that is made for the activity in which you will be engaged, and be sure to replace your footwear whenever it becomes worn out and unsupportive.
Two essential shoe tips for happy feet include:
- Footwear that is the right size—Many folks underestimate the amount of change their feet experience in a year. Your feet flatten out and become wider as you age, and the size can change as much as a half an inch year to year. Try to go shopping for shoes at the end of your day when your feet have reached their maximum size. Be sure to get both feet measured since one foot may have changed more than the other. It’s not uncommon for your two feet to be a half size or more apart in length.
- Proper arch and ball support—Correct arch and ball support are essential for proper foot mechanics. Always have your arch type properly determined with a computerized gait analysis (your podiatrist can do this) and make sure you use orthotic inserts to correct any of these gait abnormalities. The ball of the foot needs to be well supported and orthotics can also help in that regard. Having your arch and ball properly supported will help avoid many foot and ankle injuries and also helps alignment of your knees, hips, and back.
For help getting the perfect shoes for your feet, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Ganglion cysts are non-cancerous growths that will often show up as bumps on the top of your foot. They tend to grow on a tendon, ligament, or muscle and they are characterized by the fact that the soft sack is filled with fluid, but it doesn’t move around at all. The fluid is thick and jelly-like and ganglion cysts may sometimes be found in clusters. Since they can hide underneath a layer of skin, they can be difficult to identify without the help of your podiatrist.
Sometimes a ganglion cyst is found growing on a nerve which may cause a tingling sensation in your toes or other parts of the foot.
Treatment for ganglion cysts may include the following:
- Fluid removal—The fluid in the cyst is removed with a hypodermic needle and a steroid solution is added to prevent a return of the cyst.
- Custom orthotics—Specially-designed custom-made orthotic inserts can divert pressure from the cyst area and allow it to heal more rapidly.
Ganglion cysts are not always painful and may not cause any significant trouble. But be certain to pay attention to any unusual bumps on your feet, especially if they change color or size rapidly since it may be a sign of skin cancer. Cysts that do not respond well to conservative treatments may require surgery to treat properly.
If you think you may have a ganglion cyst or for any other foot or ankle problem you may be experiencing, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
While the joint stiffening and damage caused by arthritis often affect the hands, back, knees, and hips, it can become a problem for your feet and ankles too, adversely affecting your ability to walk and exercise.
Early detection and treatment are essential to slowing the progression of this disease. Custom-made orthotic inserts used with the appropriate footwear can decrease the pain and increase mobility.
2 of the common types of arthritis that cause pain in the feet and ankles include:
- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)—When your immune system mistakenly regards the lining of your joints (the synovium) as a threat, the result is the unfortunate removal of the insulating material that separates your bones, causing swelling, pain, and stiffness. Massage and a relaxing foot soak will help relieve symptoms and medications can reduce pain and inflammation.
- Osteoarthritis—This is the kind of arthritis that is caused by wear and tear on your joints over time. As the insulating cartilage in the joints lessens, the bones can rub directly against each other causing swelling, pain, and severe stiffness. Gout and psoriatic arthritis can also cause these symptoms. Physical therapy exercises to increase flexibility and strength will help maintain foot function and slow the progression.
A consultation with your foot care professional is essential to proper treatment of foot and ankle arthritis. A podiatrist will also identify other causes of foot and ankle pain that may be exacerbating your arthritic condition.
If you are concerned about foot and ankle arthritis, contact our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. The center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
Corns and calluses are a natural reaction that your body has to excess friction and pressure on the skin. These conditions are exacerbated by improperly fitted footwear, and increased pressure from sports and exercise can contribute to their formation.
Some differences between corns and calluses include:
- Corns—These often occur where your toes rub together, or on the tops of your toes in response to rubbing on your footwear. They tend to be small and rounded. They can also occur on other parts of your feet that are under constant pressure.
- Calluses—Calluses are generally larger than corns and don’t have the tender edges that corns frequently have. Calluses often appear on the heel or ball of the foot where the pressure from walking is most pronounced.
Corns and calluses can often be treated at home. However, for more complicated problems like corns growing on hammertoes, or for calluses that have developed into heel fissures, your foot doctor should be contacted. He or she will prescribe the correct treatment which may include the use of custom-made orthotic inserts.
Home treatments include the following:
- Insulating moleskin pads—These specially formed pads are placed over a corn to isolate it from other toes and to prevent rubbing against the inside of your footwear.
- Foot soaking and abrasion—Soaking your feet in warm, soapy water will soften the skin on calluses and make them easier to remove with an emery board or sanding stone.
If you are having problems with corns and calluses, consult with our board-certified podiatrists at Foot and Ankle Center of Fort Lee, LLC. Along with years of experience and access to advanced technologies, the center offers convenient locations in Fort Lee NJ, Ringwood NJ, Flushing Queens NY, Woodhaven NY, Brooklyn NY, and Forest Hills NY. Contact us at (201) 363-9844 and schedule an appointment today!
This website includes materials that are protected by copyright, or other proprietary rights. Transmission or reproduction of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use, as defined in the copyright laws, requires the written permission of the copyright owners.